Process 1: Telar De Cintura
Traditionally taught the telar de cintura, or waist loom weaving, is passed down from generation to generation. It is said that "every woman and child needs to know how to weave and make the bordado sencillos, finos, y religiosos (simple, elaborate, and religious designs)" as explained by artesana Maria.
Maria was taught by her mother at the age of 5. She started out by doing simple designs and with time she continued learning and gaining experience, "I weave by counting the stitches 1, 2, 3 that's how my mother used to do it and how I will teach my children to weave".
Process 2: Cesteria
Cestaria, or basket weaving is a process of weaving together organic malleable fibers, in this case palm leaves to create a desired shape. The people who do this craft are known as canasteros or cesteros and it's one of the most ancient crafts from Mesoamérica. In Mexico there are two origins, an indigenous one and a Spanish one. In the State of Mexico, the method still being used today, and on your Sun Bag, is the indigenous way.
Traditionally canastas, or baskets made using the cesteria process where used for people to carry fruit and other food back to their villages and homes. Due to the materials and process cesteria is considered a sustainable craft.
Craft made using this method: Sun bag.
Process 3: Bordado
The traditional bordado, or embroidery method, just like with the telar de cintura is something that is taught to Oaxacan children at a very young age, the flower style is originally from the Zapoteca region of Oaxaca. They use cotton threads and bordan on top of other cloth materials. This ancient technique was to use the tip of a maguey or agave plant as a needle. Now they have switched over to steel needles.
Process 4: Tejido
Tejido, or weaving is the process of interlacing two different sets of recycled plastic strands at right angles to form a square stitch. Flor and Any, the artesanas from Jalisco make the Canasta Bags and Backpacks form 100% recycled PET plastic, which is mostly recycled water bottles. They weave together the strands of plastic using a wood board and a wooden stick to separate the different colors and create the desired shapes and patterns. PET is considered a sustainable material that can be recycled over and over again.